Unlocking Spirituality at Workplace through Islamic Work Ethics: Analyzing Employees’ Performance in Islamic Banks

Muhammad Sarmad , Rimsha Iqbal , Muhammad Anwar Ali & Ayaz-ul-Haq
Published Online: December 2018

This study reveals the worth of spirituality at workplace by considering its factors (inner life, meaningful work and sense of community) in the context of Islamic work ethics for investigating employees’ performance. The data was collected from 347 serving middle line managers of Islamic banks across major cities of Pakistan. SPSS 21 was used to analyze the data through correlation, multiple regression and moderated regression analysis with appropriate data normality and independence. The results revealed that two determinants of spirituality at workplace (meaningful work and sense of community) create significant positive impact on employees’ performance. On the contrary, the third determinant (inner life) exhibits insignificant effect on employees’ performance. It is also established that Islamic work ethics do not moderate the relationship between inner life and employees’ performance; however, a moderation effect of Islamic work ethics is found in the relationship between meaningful work and employees’ performance as well as sense of community and employees’ performance. Thus, implications for Islamic banks have been discussed in particular and other organizations in general to uphold spirituality at workplace and Islamic work ethics for sustaining performance standards across all quarters.


Spirituality at workplace, Islamic work ethics, Employees’ performance, Islamic Banks.