Journal of Islamic Business and Management

The Effect of Job Insecurity on Attitude towards Change and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Moderating Role of Islāmic Work Ethics

Muhammad Usman, Khurram Shahzad, Kellie W. Roberts, Mueen Aizaz Zafar
Published Online: June 2015
DOI: 10.1111/jibm

The main purpose of this study is to examine the direct and interactive effects of job insecurity and Islāmic work ethics on employee’s attitude towards change and organizational citizenship behavior. The data was collected from 171 male and female university teachers in Pakistan. Self-administered, closed-ended questionnaires were used to collect the data. Moderated regression analysis was used to analyze the data. Results of data analysis showed that job insecurity has a strong negative effect on the attitude towards change in university teachers. On the contrary, job insecurity exhibits no significant effect on organizational citizenship behavior of university teachers. A positive direct effect of Islāmic work ethics on attitude towards change and organizational citizenship is also confirmed. It is also established that Islāmic work ethics do not moderate the relation of job insecurity and attitude towards change; however a moderation effect of Islāmic work ethics is found in the relationship between job insecurity and organizational citizenship behavior. This study provides the first ever examination of the relationship of job insecurity with employee’s attitude towards change and organizational citizenship behavior with the moderating effect of Islāmic work ethics.


Attitude Towards Change; Islāmic Work Ethics; Job Insecurity; Organizational Citizenship Behavior.