Shar¯ı‘ah Resolution and Islamic Finance: A Review

Zakir Hossen Shaikh, Adel M. Sarea, Abdelrahman Al-Saadi, Iqbal Thonse Hawaldar
Published Online: June 2021

Purpose: Islamic finance is considered one of the fastest-growing segments of the global financial industry. Over the last four decades, Islamic finance has expanded globally to western and other non-Muslim countries. This paper aims to explore the potential for China to tap into the Islamic finance market and the challenges that may face the implementation of Islamic finance there. Methodology: This study adopts a qualitative method of inquiry and utilizes the inductive method and content analysis to build comprehensive knowledge that would assist in exploring the significance and potential benefits that China may gain from the adoption of Islamic finance. Findings: The study reveals that China has a huge opportunity to capitalize on Islamic finance for economic development, particularly in the implementation of China’s Belt and highlights the critical success factors for introducing Islamic finance in China, most importantly, political will. Genuine support from the government is needed for the effective introduction of Islamic finance in the country. This support should be subsequently followed by the development of the legal framework, an amendment of the laws, broad publicity to raise public awareness, and e_ective collaboration with international organizations. Significance: To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is among The market. It is expected to contribute to enhancing the implementation and development of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). KAUJIE Classification: B4, H47, I3, JEL Classification: D63, G24, C83


Islamic Finance, Development, Challenges, BRI