Interactive Effects of Paternalistic Leadership and Islamic Work Ethics on Employees’ Psychological Safety: Evidence from Pakistan

Ayesha Amanullah Khan, Asma Gul
Published Online: June 2020

The current study is a contribution in a research area of paternalistic leadership. It examines the relationship between paternalistic leadership and employees’ psychological safety with the moderating role of Islamic work ethics. A sample of 359 employees was selected to collect the data from the banking sector of Pakistan by using convenient sampling technique. Time lag design was used to get the data to reduce the common method bias. The results of the study confirmed the positive main effects of paternalistic leadership style and Islamic work ethics on employee psychological safety. However, no support was found for the interactive effects of Islamic work ethics in relationship between paternalistic leadership and psychological safety. Study limitations have also been discussed along with future research directions. In addition, this study includes some useful theoretical as well as practical implications.


Paternalistic Leadership, Islamic Work Ethics, Psychological Safety